VP-Plus™ emulsifier is a liquid blend of polyamides that stabilizes the water-in-oil emulsion in Newpark’s OptiDrill™ diesel- or mineral oil-based drilling fluid. The OptiDrill system manages the invert emulsion with two components: the VP-Mul™ primary emulsifier and the VP-Plus secondary emulsifier.
- Provides a stable emulsion
- Allows adjustable concentrations to balance emulsion stability with increased ROP
- Imparts oil-wetting characteristics
- Performs effectively in the presence of contaminants
VP-Plus stabilizes the initial emulsion when preparing the system. It is also used as a treating agent during drilling operations. The VP-Mul and VP-Plus emulsifiers are complementary to each other and yield best results when used together in prescribed ratios. If one product is used exclusively, the absence of the other will result in a decrease in performance and degradation of the fluid. The products are effective with NaCl, CaCl2 and NewPhase™ polyglycerol internal phases. VP-Plus emulsifier should be used in an alkaline environment. An excess of Ca(OH)2 (lime) should always be present in the fluid. VP-Plus emulsifier is effective in applications to 250°F (121°C).
While concentrations of VP-Plus should be engineered for the specific fluid design, typical concentations in various fluids are shown in the table below. In typical formulations, the recommended values yield good fluid properties and give a proper balance of emulsification and solids management. The need for additional treatments is indicated by the presence of water in the HPHT filtrate, and/or low emulsion strength as measured by an electrical stability meter. The minimum maintenance ratio of VP-Mul to VP-Plus is indicated in the final column in the table below. VP-Wet™ wetting agent additions may be necessary when excessive low-gravity solids are present. The emulsifiers can be added through the hopper or directly into the pits, providing agitation is sufficient. Once the fluid is in the well and properly sheared, maintain the excess lime above 3.0 lb/bbl.
|Mud Weight (ppg)||O:W Ratio||VP-Mul (ppb)||VP-Plus (ppb)||Minimum Maintenance Ratios (Mul:Plus)|
Typical Physical Properties
|Appearance||Dark brown liquid|
|Flash Point||>150°F (65°C)|
|Pour Point||-70°F (-56°C)|
Handling and Storage
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from ignition sources and strong oxidizing agents. Use appropriate hygiene, clothing and personal protective equipment suitable for work being done. Review the SDS thoroughly before using this product.
VP-Plus™ emulsifier is available in 5-gallon (19-liter) pails, 55-gallon (208-liter) drums and 275-gallon (1,041-liter) totes.